JN1010 – The Green, Safe & Effective Alternative to Fluorine-based Foams

Foams remain the most effective way of fighting flammable liquid fires. Being lighter it forms a blanket above the flammable liquid which then quickly suppresses the fire. This explains why it is the fire-extinguishing agent of choice in the oil, gas and petrochemical industries and airports.

Today the market is dominated by synthetic and protein foams. The problem with synthetic foams is that they depend on fluorine-based surfactants for their film-forming quality. These surfactants contain the well-known perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) which scientists and environmentalists have flagged out as serious health concerns. In comparison, protein foams are safer but perform less well.

What is JN1010 and how is it safe and green? JN1010 is made from plants and contains mainly acacia sep, carom seed sep and mineral salts, a proprietary mix invented by Dr. Judah Jay, an eminent fire dynamics expert based in Singapore. Most importantly, it is PFOA-free, PFOS-free and toxin-free, and does not give off any hazardous products when it comes in contact with fire. It meets the Singapore Green Label based on tests conducted by TÜV-SÜD-PSB.

Why is JN1010 an effective alternative? The effectiveness of JN1010 as an alternative to synthetic foams has been proven beyond doubt based on a series of live tests and international standard tests. It meets the standards of EN 1568-3:2008 (Annex H) “Specification for low expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water immiscible liquids” based on tests conducted by Efectis Nederland. It also meets the standards of ICAO Level B based on tests conducted by UL India.

INSPIRO Fire & Crisis Pte Ltd is a fire, emergency and crisis consultancy firm incorporated in Singapore.



How does an organisation preserve its jewel?

What is the most important asset to an organization? Most will say it’s its leadership and management that gives the organization the leadership and wisdom to chart the course and set the strategies ahead. Some will say it’s its body of people whose quality and attitude determine whether the organization can successfully execute its strategies and go on to achieve its goals. Nobody would seriously contest these statements, but there is yet another third important asset which an organization cannot do without – the intrinsic knowledge and expertise of the organization.

This knowledge and expertise is your clients’ raison d’être for constantly coming back to you; you hold the answers to their problems and even possibly their existence. You are offering them a key service without which their business or business model might even collapse. Seeing this as the situation, would you then not treasure this in-house knowledge and expertise like a jewel that you must constantly keep close to your heart and nurture?

Yes, nurture it, because unlike other ornamental jewels which are objects, this is a living jewel. Our world is constantly evolving and humans are constantly challenging the status quo. Every new day, new knowledge and new ways of doing things dawn upon us. In whichever field we are, we must constantly update our knowledge and expertise to be right at the cutting edge of progress.

How do we achieve this? The answer lies in building an active and responsive Training Management System (TMS) in the organization. An effective TMS takes care of the following:

  • that the pool of in-house knowledge and expertise is properly documented and inventoried;
  • that the pool of in-house knowledge and expertise is always up-to-date and taking in the latest developments;
  • that every employee is given the requisite knowledge and expertise before they take on an appointment; and
  • that every employee is given periodic refresher even though they are still doing the same old job.

INSPIRO Fire & Crisis Pte Ltd is a fire, emergency and crisis consultancy firm incorporated in Singapore.


Another hospital in flames…

Fire engulfs several floors of Istanbul hospital building, patients evacuated
— Read on www.straitstimes.com/world/middle-east/fire-engulfs-several-floors-of-istanbul-hospital-building-tv

Hospital fires are a very serious matter indeed. Compared to any other occupancy, hospital fires have the potential to cause large numbers of casualties and fatalities. This is not difficult to understand because patients in hospitals can be very sick and frail, can be confined to the bed and immobile or can be undergoing treatment. These are all very vulnerable people in a fire situation!

Fire safety management in hospitals thus has to be in a tip-top condition. There must be a combination of passive protection measures and active fire suppression systems to contain any fire outbreak.  Smoke control systems will be very critical for hospitals because hot smoke spreads far and wide, easily and quickly, which creates panic, besides being more lethal than the fire itself. Safe areas of refuge must be created within hospital buildings to serve as intermediate holding areas for evacuees and in order to shorten the evacuation route, which is particularly important for immobile patients who have to be wheeled.

Hospitals must maintain a team of specially trained emergency response personnel to watch over fire safety in the building. Preferably, they should be able to execute fire-fighting tasks. This same team will ensure the proper maintenance of the passive and active fire safety systems in the building. This same team will also plan and conduct an evacuation of the hospital if required.

Prevention is also an important theme. Heat sources and the use of fires in hospitals must be properly controlled to cut down on the possibility of a fire breaking out. The use of non-combustibles or less combustible material within the hospitals are highly recommended. If the use of flammables and combustibles is unavoidable, then extra precautions must be exercised. Workers and staff must constantly be trained and educated on fire safety.

INSPIRO Fire & Crisis Pte Ltd is a fire, emergency and crisis consultancy firm incorporated in Singapore.


How do you progress from Business Continuity Study to Emergency Response Management?

Many organizations do not take Business Continuity Management (BCM) seriously. Some that do spend a huge amount of resources on consultants to undertake such planning, the purpose of which is to help map out the risks that organizations face on a day-to-day basis and to use the conventional four-stage strategy of avoidance, prevention, mitigation and recovery, to manage the threats that they have identified from the BCM study. It is a pity that very few amongst them actually progress to developing comprehensive ER plans from the BCM study to effectively protect the organization from any resulting crises and emergencies.

Risks of different form and dimension are present in all organizations. Risks are also not static but mutate in response to the changing environment that the organization operates in. One thing is for sure that if an organization gets blindsided by the ever-changing risks, the risks may return to create anything from a minor disruption to operations to the total collapse of the organization.

An ER system in conjunction with an ER plan is essential to help an organization to monitor the threats with the help of a combination of means – AI, sensors, cameras and humans. Thresholds are set for each threat, which when crossed with cause the identified decision-maker to be alerted, who will then activate a pre-arranged response. In a nutshell, while a BCM study helps to identify the risks that an organization faces, an ER system when activated promptly serves precisely to protect the organization from the threats (risks) that it has identified.

A typical approach to the development of an ER system for an organization will encompass the following components and steps:

  1. Conduct of a BCM study
  2. Identifying the threats of significance from the BCM study
  3. Developing an ER Plan
  4. Establishing an ER System comprising the following components:
    • Creating an emergency management and command structure
    • Creating a threat surveillance and alert system
    • Creating an emergency communications system
    • Creating an emergency tactical response force
    • Creating a recovery force
  5. Conduct of full-scale exercises and component drills
  6. Conduct of customised training to the specific groups
  7. Audit of ER Plan and ER System

INSPIRO Fire & Crisis Pte Ltd is a fire, emergency and crisis consultancy firm incorporated in Singapore.